Variational, Topological, and Partial Order Methods with Their Applications [electronic resource] / by Zhitao Zhang.Material type: TextSeries: Developments in Mathematics ; 29Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2013Description: XII, 332 p. online resourceContent type:
- online resource
- 515.7 23
1 Preliminaries -- Sobolev spaces and embedding theorems -- Critical point -- Cone and partial order -- Brouwer Degree -- Compact map and Leray-Schauder Degree -- Fredholm operators -- Fixed point index -- Banach's Contract Theorem, Implicit Functions Theorem -- Krein-Rutman theorem -- Bifurcation theory -- Rearrangements of sets and functions -- Genus and Category -- Maximum principles and symmetry of solution -- Comparison theorems -- 2 Cone and Partial Order Methods -- Increasing operators -- Decreasing operators -- Mixed monotone operators -- Applications of mixed monotone operators -- Further results on cones and partial order methods -- 3 Minimax Methods -- Mountain Pass Theorem and Minimax Principle -- Linking Methods -- Local linking Methods -- 4 Bifurcation and Critical Point -- Introduction -- Main results with parameter -- Equations without the parameter -- 5 Solutions of a Class of Monge-Ampère Equations -- Introduction -- Moving plane argument -- Existence and non-existence results -- Bifurcation and the equation with a parameter -- Appendix -- 6 Topological Methods and Applications -- Superlinear system of integral equations and applications -- Existence of positive solutions for a semilinear elliptic system -- 7 Dancer-Fučik Spectrum -- The spectrum of a self-adjoint operator -- Dancer-Fučik Spectrum on bounded domains -- Dancer-Fučik point spectrum on RN -- Dancer-Fučik spectrum and asymptotically linear elliptic problems -- 8 Sign-changing Solutions -- Sign-changing solutions for superlinear Dirichlet problems -- Sign-changing solutions for jumping nonlinear problems -- 9 Extension of Brezis-Nirenberg's Results and Quasilinear Problems -- Introduction -- W01,p(Ω) versus C01(Ω) local minimizers -- Multiplicity results for the quasilinear problems -- Uniqueness results -- 10 Nonlocal Kirchhoff Elliptic Problems -- Introduction -- Yang index and critical groups to nonlocal problems -- Variational methods and invariant sets of descent flow -- Uniqueness of solution for a class of Kirchhoff-type equations -- 11 Free Boundary Problems, System of equations for Bose-Einstein Condensate and Competing Species -- Competing system with many species -- Optimal partition problems -- Schrödinger systems from Bose-Einstein condensate -- Bibliography.
Nonlinear functional analysis is an important branch of contemporary mathematics. It's related to topology, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, groups, dynamical systems, differential geometry, measure theory, and more. In this book, the author presents some new and interesting results on fundamental methods in nonlinear functional analysis, namely variational, topological and partial order methods, which have been used extensively to solve existence of solutions for elliptic equations, wave equations, Schrödinger equations, Hamiltonian systems etc., and are also used to study the existence of multiple solutions and properties of solutions. This book is useful for researchers and graduate students in the field of nonlinear functional analysis. Chapter 1 contains preliminaries. In Chapter 2, three kinds of operators are introduced: increasing operators, decreasing operators, and mixed monotone operators. In Chapter 3, the minimax methods are presented and in Chapter 4, the author uses bifurcation and critical point theory to study structures of the solutions of elliptic equations. Chapter 5 is concerned with a class of Monge–Ampère equations. In Chapter 6, the superlinear system of Hammerstein integral equations and applications is studied. Chapter 7 is devoted to the Dancer–Fucik spectrum. In Chapter 8, some results on sign-changing solutions are introduced. In Chapter 9, a local minimizer problem of a functional in differential topology is studied. Chapter 10 focuses on a class of nonlocal Kirchhoff elliptic problems via different methods. In Chapter 11, the focus is on free boundary problems, Schrödinger systems from Bose–Einstein condensate and competing systems with many species.